A smart city is a concept that combines people's use of technology with the development of the city. The Smart City mission organized by the Indian government has 99 winning proposals with a budget of more than Rs 201979 crore, which will affect more than 99,486,840 Indian populations. This mission has greatly helped improve infrastructure by providing more public space and amenities for the Indian population. However, communication and technology are the core aspects of smart cities, not the "human scale." As mobile phones become cheaper and the public has access to the Internet and information about the world, the people with the lowest economic scale get the most benefit.

 In the smart city mission approach, the goal is to promote the city to provide core infrastructure, a clean and sustainable environment, and the implementation of "smart" solutions, thereby improving the quality of life for all citizens. It is focused on providing sustainable and inclusive development of

, promoting the creation of similar smart cities in different regions and parts of the country. The mission requires development through citywide green space planning, redevelopment, and renovation, which in turn creates job opportunities for the real estate industry.

 By 2020, due to the sudden occurrence of the global pandemic, the citizens of the city began to demand smart cities with a sustainable environment and a better quality of life. New technologies are needed to allow smart cities to put the citizen first and help to realize the commitment to society, environment, and economic sustainability.

 Bhopal Case Study The first list of 20 cities to be selected under the Smart City Plan includes Bhopal. Despite facing challenges early on, Bhopal is last on the list. BMC's proposal to build a smart city in Bhopal and rebuild Shivaji Nagar and Tulsi Nagar was accepted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). However, due to the lack of public participation and the environmental and social impacts of residents in the selected locations of Bhopal Tulsi Nagar and Shivaji Nagar, the proposal submitted by BMC to MoHUA was rejected and protested. The reconstruction project site was moved from Tulsi Nagar and Shivaji Nagar to a new site in North TT Nagar, covering an area of ​​342 acres, including existing government housing structure on state government land, some slums, and informal settlements.

 Bhopal smart city will consist of regional development (ABD) and pan-urban development. The proposed housing density is 482 people per hectare (PPH) and the household size (HH) is 5 people. The overall density of the ABD area is estimated to reach approximately 2,07,500 people within 20 years. These estimates are taken from current models that predict the growth of Bhopal until 2036. In the ABD area, due to the increase in infrastructure and the development of smart cities.

 The main challenge when working in Bhopal was the change in the area selected for the ABD project. It is recommended to ensure that local residents actively participate in and participate in projects related to the smart city mission from the beginning, so that these voices can be incorporated into the plan according to the vision of ordinary people.

There are other reported issues, including governance conflicts between smart city companies and municipal institutions, the displacement of households and businesses from smart city projects, the increasing privatization of public services, the loss of green coverage, and the impact of smart city projects on the poor and society. Impact. The same goes for marginalized sectors. But after overcoming all the challenges, Bhopal ranked among the top 5 in the 2020 Smart City Ranking.

 Although there are cities undergoing rapid transformation, Chandigarh, which claims to be India's first planned independent city, has been included in India's 100 cities that are developing into smart cities, with 20 of the worst performing cities. Chandigarh is a city and federal territory in northern India, and the capital of Punjab and Haryana. As a federal territory, the city is directly managed by the

 Union government and does not belong to any of the states. Chandigarh and Consecutive cities Mohari (Punjab) and cities in Panchkula (Haryana) are together named the Chandigarh Tricity.

 The main challenges facing Chandigarh was that the land portion was not considered at the preliminary stage, the preparation of detailed project reports was delayed, and the project was repeatedly tendered due to poor coordination and response from private investors and contractors. It is also the loss of decision-making time due to the multi-level work system.

 Summarizing the current situation now, several smart cities have not yet completed a project. Of the 5,151 projects initially proposed, only 3,629 have been actively implemented. Among them, approximately 25% of the projects have been completed. However, in terms of value, the share of completed work is only 11% of the total. Delhi, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh have higher average project completion rates, while the cities of Punjab and Haryana are the worst. In Gujarat, each smart city has completed an average of 20 projects, while in Madhya Pradesh almost 19 projects have been completed in each city. In Punjab and Haryana, only one project was completed in each city. No projects have been completed in seven states and U.T.

 This shows that the governments of these states must take the initiative and must stop delaying the completion of the project.


The development of smart cities is a part of the broader concept of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the use of modern innovative information technologies and in addition to ecology.
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