A REVIEW OF BUNDELKHAND EXPRESSWAY

The Uttar Pradesh government announced the development of the Bundelkhand Expressway in 2017, to boost road connectivity in Uttar Pradesh's backward regions. The 296 km green alignment started from Bharatkoop at Jhansi-Prayagraj national highway number-35 in district Chitrakoot And end at Agra-Lucknow Expressway near village Kudrail in Etawah district connecting Bundelkhand region to New Delhi through the Agra-Lucknow Expressway and Yamuna Expressway.

This project is developed by the Uttar Pradesh Expressway Industrial Development Authority. This expressway's construction began in October 2019 and is expected to be completed in 30 months from the start date. The project is expected to be finished in March 2022.

The right of way (R-O-W) of this expressway is 110 m, with a service road width of 3.75 meters will be built on one side of the expressway and 4-lane (expandable to 6-lane) access controlled, in a staggered pattern to provide village people smooth transit facility.

This 296 Km alignment would be 100% greenfield traversing 7 districts of Uttar Pradesh.  The alignment consists of around 04 Railway Over Bridges, 14 Large bridges, 06 Toll Plazas, 07 Ramp Plaza, 266 small bridges, and 18 Fly Overs will also be constructed on the expressway.

The 296 Km long route is divided into 6 packages of equal value and work has been assigned to 6 different contractors who would be working simultaneously.  The total project cost Expected to be INR 14,000 crore with the total land required for the project being 3,600 hectares of land. The project area would be economically and socially improved, with the improvement of agriculture, trade & commerce, and industrial income. An industrial corridor will be built to connect the numerous manufacturing units, development centers, and agricultural production areas constructed in the areas encompassed by the expressway with the national capital, assisting in the area's Omnidirectional development. The handloom industry, food processing facilities, storage, markets, and milk-based enterprises would benefit from the expressway. The project would be performed in EPC mode (Engineering, Procurement, and Construction model of highway construction would allow for a faster, better cost-effective, and much more productive roll-out of developments.)

Approximately 95.01 percent of the development's area has been owned or acquired. Uttar Pradesh Expressway Industrial Development Authority has purchased/acquired a total of 3462.2787 hectares area for the project thus far. The government has planned to build the Bundelkhand expressway to improve the area's development and create new job possibilities.  

Almost 95% of the population lacks access to adequate road and train facilities. The project's goal is to dramatically reduce travel time between New Delhi and the Bundelkhand area.

On the Project Affected Families, the local population, and the environment, the project will have both positive and negative effects. On the one hand, it will contribute to the region's overall development by boosting road connections, improving access to other regions of the country, reducing travel time, increasing employment possibilities, reducing migration, or helping to superior high technology and infrastructures. Some Project Affected Families may lose a large percentage of their land, which is a source of income for them. The hundreds of years Mosque in Tilheta will be relocated. Village temples such as Mawai Buzurg, Ghoori, and Gadaanv, which are worshiped by locals, will also be affected. The University of Agriculture and Technology in Banda will also be impacted, affecting students and teachers.

Approximately 95.01 percent of the project's land has been purchased or acquired. Uttar Pradesh Expressway Industrial Development Authority has purchased/acquired a total of 3462.2787 hectares of land for the project, as per the provision of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation, and Resettlement Act, 2013. The Social Impact Assessment team collectively agreed that PAFs are ready for land acquisition and that compensation should be provided under the provisions of the RFCTLARR Act 2013 and the estimated value in this report. The government is urged to strike a balance between environmental risks, as well as benefits, by implementing the proposed mitigating measures. It is recommended that preventive actions be considered initially to lower the expense of mitigation measures while also minimizing the project's negative impact.

Social impact on the Villagers must go extra miles due to a lack of accessibility, Crossing the road safely is a challenge.

Economic impact on the village's population Job possibilities is being lost, Properties and resource loses.

The impact on the environment would be significant- Plantations and trees are being cut down. Fodder crop losses, Increased pollution from automobiles, and during expressway building Flooding is a possibility as a result of biodiversity loss.

Overall, the project would have long-lasting benefits to the economy of the state. it is expected to contribute to Uttar Pradesh's state GDP. With increased market access and community pricing, the city's outlying rural areas would experience a new vision. All of this will result in market flexibility, an increase in the state's per capita index, improved connection, a high standard of life, socio-economic development and will serve as a growth model for the country.

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#Lucknow Expressway #Expressway #Bundelkhand Expressway #Uttar Pradesh Expressway Industrial Development Authority
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