are the main centers of urbanization and economy generation but with rapid
population growth, the lifestyle at urban centres is deteriorating. The urban
dwellers relocate due to economic factors, land speculation or over congested
city centres which leads them to settle in peri-urban areas. Change in land
use, occupation pattern, reducing farm activities and growth of built
structures, inadequate planning and governance in peri-urban areas can cause
Smart city initiative integrates information technology and infrastructure to make better lifestyle in the urban area. It aims to bring environmental and social sustainability for the people of the city. These initiatives are concentrated and doesn’t take into account any areas outside the city which may or may not be a source of problems within the city. This is a major drawback which can be tackled by accounting for a bigger area for development through smart solutions.
Smart Region is about how institutions, people and
technology work together to create an interpersonal space where people and
region connect. It blends community and technology with social good to curb the
issues of that region. The smart formula is not necessarily to imply technology
but innovation and innovative ideas
Pune is a district in the state of Maharashtra,
India. The district's population was 9,429,408 and the area is 15,642 sq. km.
The population density is 600persons/sq. km. Out of the total population, 77%
is concentrated in the core. The total area of the PMR is 7,257 sq. km. of
which only 25% is occupied by the core
Figure 1: Regional Setting of Pune, Maharashtra
In the Pune District, there are two municipalities
which are Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal
Corporation (PCMC). The PMC covers an area of 331.26 sq. km. and has a
population of 3.4 Million. The PCMC includes the industrialized towns of
Chinchwad, Akurdi, Pimpri and Bhosari, these areas were part of extended city
Some of the main areas of Pune include, CBD area of
Pune comprises areas such as Koregaon Park, Kalyaninagar, other retail office
zones situated in Aundh, Balewadi, Pashan, etc. which are major attractions for
employment i.e., people from residential areas travel to these areas on a daily
Magarpatta is a 450 acre, privately owned gated community in the Hadapsar area of Pune, India. It is one of the premium societies which has a commercial area, residential area, hospital with several specializations, shopping malls, restaurants, a gym, Aditi Garden (a 25-acre park) and schools. In total, 30% of the area is made up of green space.
Pune is one of the first 20 cities selected for the smart city mission, launched on June 25, 2015. There were two broad initiatives i.e., PAN city approach and ABD (Area Based Development) implemented in Pune. PAN city initiative focused on the mobility aspect of Pune i.e., lack of public transportation, along with the sudden increase in the private vehicle over the last decade and also dilapidated pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure. Further it aimed to fill infrastructure gaps such as metro, ring roads, and BRT systems.
For ABD, Pune aims to create a model neighbourhood
of liveability and sustainability matching global standards in the selected
local area (Aundh-Baner-Balewadi – ABB) by fully deploying all 24 smart city
features keeping in mind the need of the future population
Figure 2: Area Based Development Region in Pune, Maharashtra
Figure 3: Smart City Initiatives in Pune
The population of Pune city is about 3.1 million as
per census 2011. The city population has increased six times in last 60 years,
due to enhanced economic activities, more job opportunities which has increased
the immigration in the area. The city experienced rapid growth due to
industrialization of the PMC/PCPM after 1960. Also, growth of IT and education
attracted people to Pune.